The eggplant (Solanum melongena), commonly known as brinjal, is the fourth most widely grown vegetable in India, and a significant export crop (Government of India, 2009). California produces 19 percent of U.S. eggplant with harvests from April through December. Dark purple or black eggplant varieties, found in traditional markets in the US, are not common in Puerto Rico (Fornaris, 2016; see references below). From winter 2007 to winter 2009, Florida’s average national market share for eggplants was 24%. Eggplants are native to India and China but were introduced to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region by Arabic traders.BotanyEggplants produce a bushy, vigorous plant with large leaves, woody stems and attractive flowers. Within the Penn State Tree Fruit Production Guide are budgets for tree fruit production. At a tradeshow in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, a striped variety for export was found (Figure 7), along with bottled smoked eggplant, most likely for the domestic market or for the Latino market in the US given that the label is in Spanish  (Figure 8). Eggplant Production 3 Table 8.3. Florida is the largest U.S. producer of eggplant, provid- ing more than 30 percent of the U.S. crop. As the same genus and species, Solanum melongena, as traditional eggplant varieties grown in the Northeastern United States, similar row spacing and fertility is recommended for Dominican eggplant varieties. Fornaris, G.J.. 2016. Calling all EGGPLANT Events fans! Bensulide 5.0–6.0 Eggplant is usually served in a cooked state rather than fresh. 49. pp. It bores initially into young shoots and later into the fruits. The costs of production of eggplant vary depending the production location. Production Statistics . The five largest shell egg-producing states are home to approximately 46 percent of all laying hens in the U.S., and the top 10 states comprise 65% of egg production. An estimated 142 million pounds of eggplants were grown in the United States in 2015 (ERS 2016). Extending the season four or more weeks earlier in the spring and six or more weeks in the fall creates production opportunities in a high tunnel that field production may not. Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez Colegio de Ciencias Agrícolas. Land in this study is leased on a cash rent basis at $225 per acre per year for the entire 60 acres. In the Caribbean and parts of Central America, the preference is for varieties that are light purple or pink, sometimes with white striations (Figure 1). Production of brinjal is significantly affected by heavy infestation of a fruit borer pest, Leucinodes orbonalis. The Best Eggplant to Plant. It contains relatively low amounts of numerous vitamins and minerals, such as B1, B6, folate, copper, manganese, potassium and one cup of the skin and flesh provides approximately 10 percent of the daily value of fiber. Estación Experimental Agrícola. With enough artificial light, fruit can be produced through otherwise low light periods. THE BENEFITS. 38-39, ©2020 World Crops All Rights Reserved. Evaluation of eggplant (Solanum spp.) As the same genus and species, Solanum melongena, as traditional eggplant varieties grown in the Northeastern United States, similar row spacing and fertility is recommended for Dominican eggplant varieties. Some of these varieties, which are also pinkish, can also be found in Dominican Domestic markets (Figure 6), but not so much in Latino markets in the Northeastern United States, where the more traditional type of berenjena dominicana is found. Peaches: $27.3M. (Mendonca et. Eggplant Production. Most commercial varieties in the U.S. are purplish black in color and usually oval or teardrop in shape. Production yields vary around the country with producers averaging approximately 25,000 pounds per acre. The names, words, symbols, and graphics representing Iowa State University are trademarks and copyrights of the university, protected by trademark and copyright laws of the U.S. and other countries. That year, US eggplant production was valued at $42.5 million, and Georgia, Florida, California, New Jersey, and New York were the top five producers. Eggplants are slightly larger plants than … In all cases, Cry1Ac has a long hi… Egg Production by State. Production yields vary around the country with producers averaging approximately 25,000 pounds per acre. Business and Economic Concepts and Principles, Opportunities for Value-added Agriculture, Renewable Energy - Related Websites and News Sources, Ethanol - Related Websites and News Sources, Biodiesel - Related Websites and News Sources, Feedstocks - Related Websites and News Sources, Energy Efficiency - Related Websites and News Sources, Value-Added Grants Help Dairy Family Realize A Dream, Value-Added Grant Jumpstarts a Minnesota Creamery, Value-Added Grant Helps Iowa Creamery Expand, Value-Added Grant Helps Missouri Farm Focus on Quality Products, 2016 National Value Added Agriculture Conference, 2017 National Value Added Agriculture Conference, Vegetables, Potatoes, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 2007 and 2012 Census of Agriculture, (NASS, USDA, 2013. A native of the tropics, eggplant are warm-season plants that are more vulnerable to cold temperatures than tomatoes. Eggplant is a cold-sensitive vegetable that requires a long warm season for best yields. Egg production is a significant contributor to the economy and employment in several states. In the Latino trade in the Northeastern United States, this type of eggplant is "Dominican eggplant" (berenjena dominicana in Spanish) (Figure1, Figure 2). Eggplant Parmesan is what many people think of when they consider eating eggplant at a meal. s. For information on production and management of eggplant, refer to the New England Vegetable Management Guide and click on "eggplant". Color When considering planting an orchard or removing an existing block and replanting, you may use the budget tools to calculate your potential costs. Team EGGPLANT Program Details. Eggplant, Solanum melongena L., is one of the most economically important vegetable crops in the Philippines currently valued at PhP3.44 billion (BAS, 2008). Eggplant is used in several recipes, sometimes as a replacement for meat, and where it is stewed (guisado in Spanish), such as berenjena guisado (eggplant stew). Florida has year-round production except in August and September. The glossy, purple fruit is egg-shaped and the flesh is white and meaty. Of the Flaim’s 400 acres spread across east Vineland, about 50 are devoted to the crop. It is labor-intensive, especially for harvest and post-harvest handling and packaging. For early production, select sites with a … A field trial was conducted to study the cost benefit and performance of eggplant as influenced by goat and pig manure at the Teaching and Research Farm of Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Nigeria. info@worldcrops.org, This site is maintained by UMass Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, Optimum storage temperature for eggplant is 50 F° and relative humidity between 90 – 95%. A 1/9 bushel box (16-18 eggplant per box) was selling for approximately $14.00 in March 2017 (USDA AMS). Varieties . Eggplants are a warm-weather plant, so once temperatures drop below 60°F, they slow or stop production of new fruit. Nearly 200 years ago, in 1825, two varieties of eggplant – white and purple – were being listed in multiple seed catalogs in the eastern United States. Well-drained, sandy loam soils are ideal for eggplant production. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is a member of the family Solanaceae and is botanically related to tomato, pepper and potato. © 2020 Ag Marketing Resource Center. There are smaller production areas in Monmouth and Burlington counties. New: Enterprise Budget for Vegetables, Iowa State University Farm Food and Enterprise Development, Chicago Terminal Market Prices (USDA AMS), Vegetables, Potatoes, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 2007 and 2012 Census of Agriculture, (NASS, USDA, 2013). You may also use these tools to calculate your production … (Photo by Frank Mangan). It is commonly found in markets in Puerto Rico (Figure 3), Dominican Republic (Figure 4) and Cuba (Figure 5). China and India are t he major growing countries with 60% a nd 25% o f the total For example, late season production of leafy greens, which tolerate cooler temperatures and reduced day length, can extend your market season and increase revenue and profitability. The eggplant is a tropical perennial plant cultivated as a half-hardy annual in temperate climates. Good light levels are needed for good fruit production. U.S. per capita consumption of eggplant was approximately 0.8 pounds in 2015 (ERS 2016). Optimum storage temperature for eggplant is 50 F° and relative humidity between 90 – 95%. Rental contracts and charges for land suitable for eggplant production can range widely. They are actually a perennial, but most people treat them as annuals because they are not frost tolerant. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) See Table 16: Handling Produce for Higher Quality and Longer Market Life, Eggplants are traditionally packed in bushel, bushel 1/9 and 1/2 bushel, depending on the market preference. Publicación 165. This is a list of countries by eggplant (aubergine) production in 2016 and 2017, based on … With an implanted su rface of 1.8 million of ha, eggplant world production is 46.6 million Ton (FA OSTA T, 20 1 4). States with a large number of producers contact a sample of the growers to get production data. Production Guides; Eggplant (NCSU) Eggplant Production in Florida (UFL) 2005 Ohio Vegetable Production Guide - Eggplant (OSU) [pdf] ID-56: Midwest Vegetable Production Guide for Commercial Growers 2003 - Eggplant (PURDUE) [pdf] Eggplant (Botany, Production Practices, Harvest and Post-Harvest) (NCSU) Eggplant Production in California (UCDAVIS) Wisconsin was the top cranberry producer in the United States in 2019, at 4.67 million barrels, followed by Massachusetts with 2.16 million barrels of cranberries in that year. 1 year ago. The eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm tall and possesses large leaves which are 5 to 10 cm in width and 10 to 20 cm in length. Eggplant is originally from what is now India and spread throughout the world, arriving in the New World with European colonization. The cry1Ac gene is widely used in Bt cotton and the protein is a component of many organic biopesticides. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. Poorly drained soils usually result in reduced functional root area, poor plant growth and low yields. The India-based Maharashtra Hybrid Seed Company (Mahyco) used a Bacillus thuringiensis cry1Ac gene to transform brinjal to be resistant to EFSB (Shelton et al., 2017). Less commonly produced varieties include Asian eggplants, which tend to be long and slender, and baby, or miniature, eggplants. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Partially Funded by USDA Rural Development. An estimated 142 million pounds of eggplants were grown in the United States in 2015 (ERS 2016). Production generally increased from 1990 to 2007, same with area except in 1998 (Figure 1). Be sure to read a current product label before applying any chemical. U.S. As an official member of Team EGGPLANT, you will receive: Eggplant Events Race Discounts; Eggplant Events Racing Bling; FREE Entry to two Eggplant Racing Events – one Spring and one Fall New Jersey is the second largest U.S. pro- ducer with harvests from July through October. Eggplant for sale at a wholesale market in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 2005. Variety . In Puerto Rico, one OP variety used is called rosita (Pink in Spanish), and was considered the most commonly used OP variety in Puerto Rico in 2006. Soft, s… Mendonca, Raquel U. de, M. Moreira, F. Mangan, and M. Moreira. Try our corporate solution for free! Proceedings of the InterAmercian Society for Tropical Horticulture. A replicated research trial at the UMass Research Farm in 2005, the variety 'Zebra' (Figure 9), a striped eggplant type found in latino markets, yielded 25,000 lbs/A. Based on most recent production and price averages, the estimated gross value per acre is approximately $17,500. Submitted by The Editors on October 26, 2018 - 4:51pm. In 2018, China had the highest eggplant production throughout the Asia Pacific region, in which over 34.1 million eggplants were produced. Eggplant is a widely grown specialty vegetable in the United States, however, there are less than 7,000 acres in eggplant production annually. We are looking for passionate runners and walkers to join Team EGGPLANT for 2017. This practice results in 120 farmed acres per year with 9 acres of eggplant production. About 41.2 million pounds of the fruit were grown on 4,600 acres. Vol. States with a small number of growers survey all known commercial producers of vegetable commodities. Eggplant is the country’s top ranking vegetable in terms of value production. The Vegetable surveys collect data in the major producing states for each respective commodity. All rights reserved. 5 Garden State crop at $27,295,000. Connecticut is the major producer of eggplant in the New England region with 87 farms growing eggplant in183 acres in 2012 (USDA, 2018). It is grown in 18, 000ha all over the country, but major producers are Ilocos (29%), Central Luzon (14%) and Southern Tagalog (13%) Production Management . The variety 'Zebra' that was evaluated at the UMass Research Farm in 2005 does not seem to be available as of 2016. Mayo 2006. http://www.eea.uprm.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/17/2016/03/BERENJENA-Va... Viewed on April 26, 16. It often comes as a surprise to people that New Jersey is a major player in eggplant production: last year it ranked second in the nation, doing $5.2 million in sales across 800 acres of production. Eggplant is a widely grown specialty vegetable in the United States, however, there are less than 7,000 acres in eggplant production annually. Another common OP type in 2006 was called rayada (striped in Spanish). Conjunto Tecnológico para producción de berenjena: Variedades y selección. A large selection of varieties makes eggplants available in several colors (for example, purplish black, red, white and variegated) and shapes (for example, egg-shaped, elongated and round). Peaches were the No. Yield followed a pattern similar to production until 1999 when it barely moved. There are many more sizes, shapes and colors of eggplant varieties than the familiar large purple eggplant found in most supermarkets. Nutritionally, eggplant is low in fat, protein, and carbohydrates. Early production of crops before the beginning of average market season not only strengthens your customer base, but the early crops typically comman… (212) 419-8286 2006. 5. The flower of the eggplant is white to purple and bears yellow stamens and a five-lobed corolla. This report is based on a 60 acre farm, of which 100% is double cropped. As always, it is recommended to trial multiple varieties the first time growing a new crop type to see how they perform on your farm and system. Interestingly enough, seed catalogs originally suggested that white eggplant be grown for ornamental purposes only. According to the USDA’s Census of Agriculture, 92 Granite State farms were growing eggplant to sell fresh to consumers in 2017, an increase from 55 farms in 2012. Active Ingredient lb a.i./Acre Trade Name Product/Acre MOA Code Weeds Controlled/Remarks Labels change frequently. Across the state, there are 849 acres earmarked for eggplant, the Census of Agriculture reported. Production is mainly for the wholesale fresh market trade for shipment to the eastern United States and Canada depending on the time of year. Click here for more on the local economic impact of eggs. al., 2006; see references). Prices for eggplant vary depending on the type and season. 2006. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. But, guess what? Eggplant are members of the same plant family as tomatoes and peppers (Solanaceae family) and cultural practices employed in eggplant production are similar to those crops. See, Table 16: Handling Produce for Higher Quality and Longer Market Life. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964. There are many varieties of pink and striped eggplant types available from many different seed companies. Site selection can be important if early eggplant production is required. http://www.eea.uprm.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/17/2016/03/BERENJENA-Va... UMass Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. The delicate plant has a spiny stem. (See Figure 1 above). Many materials can be made available in alternative formats for ADA clients. Eggplant is a specialty vegetable crop grown in the United States. New Jersey ranks fourth in peach production in the U.S. Thomas Jefferson was growing both varieties in 1812! The Dominican Republic produces many fresh products for the growing ethnic trade in the United States, including crops popular among Asians, which includes types of eggplant varieties for Asian markets. The Daily Record always seems like the kind of paper that uses email forwards as primary sources. The majority of eggplant production is located in southern New Jersey in the counties of Gloucester, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. Eggplant. About 98 percent of the eggplant grown in the U.S. is produced for the fresh market, with the remainder used for processed products such as frozen entrees and specialty dips and appetizers (Outlook 2012). varieties for ethnic groups in the United States. 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